'Civil Society, its role and potential in the new Mediterranean: which EU policies?' by Annette Jünemann

Arab autocracies were thought to be extremely stable and Muslim countries seemed to have no significant civil society. However, the Arab Spring proved that these assumptions were wrong and put the EU in an extremely difficult situation regarding its legitimacy. It revealed the credibility gap between the EU rhetoric on democracy promotion and the policies made on the ground. According to Annette Jünemann, the reaction of the EU was “too little too late”.

The previous neglect of civil society and political Islam makes it difficult for the EU to establish new channels of communication with new Southern political actors.” (Read the brief)

Bernabé López García analyses Morocco's experience of the Arab spring

Young people have been at the heart of the Arab Spring and of the 20th February movement of Morocco. Their demands have been   more democracy, social justice, transparency and accountability. This paper argues that although the social unrest is taking place in countries with very different structures, the history and context of these movements have one thing in common: young overqualified people in a precarious situation and who have become mobilized through the power of social networks. (See the full text in pdf)

Brief on Libya's future

George Joffé, lecturer on international relations of the Middle East and North Africa at the University of Cambridge, looks in the brief 'The Libyan Revolution: Outcome and Perspectives' at how, in a country bereft of meaningful political life for so long, democratic politics can be put in place and the help in doing so that the West could provide.  (Read the article)

Euromesco Annual Conference 2011 Report

The political processes that have emerged as a consequence of the Arab Spring have generated a wide range of possible scenarios. Some countries will consolidate their democratisation processes and others might suffer a return to ancient authoritarian political systems. Either way, protesters throughout the region have shown a strong will to put an end to the Arab exceptionalism.

This EuroMeSCo report reviews the debates held in the EuroMeSCo Annual Conference 2011 “A New Mediterranean Political Landscape? The Arab Spring and Euro-Mediterranean Relations”, held in Barcelona on 6-7 October 2011. 


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