|EuroMeSCo Policy Brief 69: Gender Inequality and Integration of Non-EU Migrants in the EU|
|Written by Mikkel Barslund, Anna Di Bartolomeo, Lars Ludolph|
Labour market – and wider societal – integration of refugees and migrants in general is at the forefront of the current policy debate. And rightly so; better integration benefits the migrant, the host country’s population and public finances.
A number of recent noteworthy publications have therefore studied the labour market integration process and how to improve it. While the diverse background of new arrivals is often acknowledged in these studies, on-the-ground labour market integration programs too often follow a one-size-fits-all approach. In this policy insights study, the authors argue that there is a particular strong case for labour market integration measures specifically geared towards female migrants. The primary reason is the traditionally low female labour market participation in the majority of source countries which translates into a large excess gender gap among non-EU migrants in Europe. This gender gap in labour market integration is further mirrored when looking at certain aspects of societal integration. The authors argue that the lack of labour market integration inhibits the wider societal integration.
Hence, integration efforts need to more explicitly take the gender dimension into account and further analyse the determinants of the gender gap in integration. A mapping of successful initiatives targeting migrant women, as has been done in recent best-practice guidelines, is therefore essential. However, these studies mainly stress that the number of targeted measures is currently insufficient.
This Policy Brief was written in the framework of the EuroMeSCo Working Package "Mapping Migration Challenges in the EU Transit and Destination Countries", led by the Institute for Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Read the Policy Brief