|Paper 79: New Directions of National Immigration Policies: The Development of the External Dimension and its Relationship with the Euro-Mediterranean Process|
|Written by Gemma Aubarell, Ricard Zapata-Barrero, Xavier Aragall|
Research into the migration policies of five selected Mediterranean countries (three from the North – namely, Spain, France and Italy – and two from the South – Morocco and Egypt) was conducted as part of a broader international migratory study by nationally-based researchers in the field. The results of this inquiry were then outlined in five corresponding national reports, which were eventually collected into a Joint Migration Document to provide an in-depth look at the migration realities existing across the Mediterranean region.
Based on these findings, this report aims to contribute towards the current evolution in EU migration policy by offering an initial analysis of how these five Mediterranean countries are shaping the external dimension of their migration policies (the so-called "externalisation" of migration policies) and influencing relevant decisions, and thus policies, at the EMP level. In addition, it seeks to identify how this externalisation of national migration policies can be articulated within the present framework of multilateral relations between Europe and southern Mediterranean countries in the field of migration.
The preliminary research phase of this study looked at the different actions and policies currently implemented in the selected case studies (which include both source and destination countries), considering these as a practice of “externalisation”. Building on the theoretical framework there established, this report represents the second step, offering a deeper understanding of the research results and outlining broad guidelines for a Euro-Mediterranean framework on policy externalisation.
EuroMeSCo Paper 79 was jointly submitted by IEMed, Barcelona, and GERM, Rabat. It was written by Gemma Aubarell, Program Director, European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed), Xavier Aragall, Researcher, European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed), and Ricard Zapata-Barrero, Associate Professor, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Barcelona, and counted with the additional support of Christine Schmelzle, Research Assistant, European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed).
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To access the previously mentioned Joint Migration Document, which provides the basis for this paper, please click here.